Nowadays diabetes is a disorder damaging a lot of people worldwide that’s why Canadian Health & Care Mall online makes a decision to explain to you everything connected with this “terrible” disorder. People will get useful information reading this article. However our online pharmacy has medications to overcome this severe disorder for example Glucophage, Actos or Glyburin. But we insist on the idea that it is very important to consult the doctor before starting any medications intake, we do not demand any prescription but doctor’s consultations are mandatory.
A lot of young people think that diabetes disorder appears only in elderly people but we dare to disappoint you: diabetes – a phenomenon much more insidious. Unfortunately, it cannot be cured. But you can prevent its appearance. In this article we will not talk about how terrible consequences of diabetes are. We will talk about prevention, about the early symptoms of diabetes and how to detect the disease after first symptoms appearance.
If we have not called all the diseases using romantic ancient Greek phrases, then to understand their essence would have been much easier. After all, wise Greeks scrambled in names not only disease’s essence, and its symptoms. For example, disease “diabetes” could be called in translation as “people losing sugar.”
The disease’s essence is pancreas dysfunction, which can not produce sufficient insulin. And why do we need insulin?
Imagine body cells is a kind of sphere with closed doors. Glucose accumulates around the cells, but can not get in without insulin help. It serves as a key for cell door. Glucose, in turn, requires cells to their existence, as gasoline is necessary for car to go.
What happens in a situation where there is little or no insulin at all? Here with ingested food, complex carbohydrates are processed into monosaccharides (mainly glucose) and absorbed through the intestinal wall into bloodstream, and are carried on body. It seems glucose is present and everything is normal, but it can not get into cells without insulin. As a result, the cells are starving, but blood sugar level rises.
Head as an Indicator
How glucose falls, if there is no insulin, as it can not get into the cells? A part of it interacts with insulin-fabrics which absorb sugar from blood, despite absence of insulin, and if too there is much sugar, and as a result they absorb it in excess.
First of all, these “absorbents” of sugar are brain, nerves and nerve cells. Yes, that’s why the first symptoms of diabetes are heavy headaches, fatigue, weakness, impaired attention, later appears cataracts, or clouding of eye lens, vision deterioration.
Glycemic Index. Who Needs it?
Control your sugar level! How to prevent diabetes and to learn to live with it. Glycemic index reflects the speed with which a particular product is laminated in body and converted into glucose. Glucose itself is taken as a reference and, therefore, is equivalent to 100 units. In case of all other products glycemic index (GI) varies from 0 to 100 or more depending on how fast they are absorbed.
If product is assigned as a low glycemic index, meaning that when it is used blood sugar level rises slowly. The higher glycemic index is, the rapidly the sugar level rises after product’s use and the higher will be a momentary blood sugar levels after food eating.
The value of glycemic index for diabetics is very important to know, especially in case of diabetes of the second type. After all, preparation of special diet is required that will always show particular product with GI value.
Interestingly, prior to introduction of this index it was considered harmful only those foods that contain a lot of sugar (cakes, pastries, sweets), whereas real threat is not a factor. Authentic is the only way in which a particular product behaves, getting into the body. It has been tested a great many common foods. Some results were surprising. For example, ice cream, despite high sugar content has much smaller impact on blood glucose than ordinary bread.
Sugar: to be Replaced?
Surprising was the fact that natural sweeteners (fructose, sorbitol, xylitol and so forth.), As well as synthetic substances (aspartame, acesulfame potassium, cyclamate sodium and sucralose) are dangerous for diabetics. At best, they lead to increased appetite (which is contraindicated for diabetics of the second type), in the worst kind it is transformed into a dangerous carcinogen.
Of course, to get the side effects, it is necessary to greatly exaggerate permitted dose. So a diabetic can eat fructose in an amount of only three teaspoons a day. Aspartame tablets – 1-2 pieces 3 times a day. It is not recommended to use pure saccharine, it falls from the intestine into the blood and has a negative effect on liver cells.
Ideally, you should try not to abuse these types of sugar substitutes, and draw their attention to the natural sweeteners (yes, they are less sweet than sugar, but to cope with its task remarkably). These include Stevia and Jerusalem artichoke. They impart a sweet taste, and produce no adverse effects on body.
It becomes fashionable drinking soy milk, soy meat eating, these products are found on the shelves in large quantities. Is it worth paying attention to it?
Initially, soy products are designed for vegetarians, whose beliefs do not allow them to eat meat of animals, or dairy products. However, our body needs protein sources. In this case, soy products are the perfect replacement – animal protein replaced by vegetable.
Soy foods are not recommended if you are diabetics. This is especially true for children, because animal proteins are infinite number of advantages over proteins of plant origin. Excluding them from diet you may entail a change in development and health deterioration.
Try to refuse foods containing soy, at least such products are in most cases genetically modified.
How does Diabetes Develop?
We offer you the so-called “rating reasons”, which entail the occurrence of diabetes.
Heredity. There is the observation that the first type of diabetes is inherited with probability of 3-7% on mother’s side and with probability of 10% on father’s side. If both parents are suffering from diabetes, the risk increases several times up to 70%. Diabetes of the second type is inherited, with probability 80% of both the maternal and paternal line, and if non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus is observed in both parents, likelihood of its manifestation in children is close to 100%, but it is usually manifested already in adulthood. Well, in this case, doctors vary only the amount of interest, otherwise they are in agreement: heredity – the main factor of diabetes.
Obesity. From perspective of diabetes development is especially dangerous if body mass index is greater than 30 kg / m2, and obesity is abdominal character, ie shape of body takes form of apple. Important value is played by waist circumference. The risk of diabetes increases with waist circumference in men over 102 cm in women more than 88 cm. It is not just a fad, but there is a sure way to protect yourself from diabetes. This, fortunately, can be neutralized, if a person conscious of full extent of danger, will struggle with excess weight (and a win in this fight). The best prescription from a doctor in this case – give up sedentary lifestyle. Just 30 minutes of exercise a day, or 3 hours a week can work wonderfully.
Pancreatic Diseases. Pancreatitis, pancreatic cancer, diseases of other endocrine glands – all that stimulates pancreatic dysfunction contributes to diabetes development. By the way, often pancreas damage can promote transferred physical trauma.
Viral infections. German measles, chickenpox, infectious hepatitis and certain other diseases, including influenza, increase risk of diabetes. These infections play a role of a trigger mechanism, as if provoking disease. It is clear that for most people, flu will not be beginning of diabetes. But if it’s a fat man with aggravated heredity, then, for him the simple virus is already a threat. The man, whose race was not diabetic, can repeatedly suffer from flu and other infectious diseases, and thus likelihood of developing diabetes had significantly less than that of people with a genetic predisposition to diabetes. So a combination of risk factors increases the risk of disease in a few times.
Specified in genes diabetes may or may not occur, if it does not start from the following factors: nervous stress, sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, lack of opportunity to breathe fresh air and spending time in nature. All of these “urban” troubles only increase risk. Add to this the increase in life expectancy (the largest incidence of diabetes recorded in people older than 65 years), and we get a huge statistical data on the number of diabetic patients.
Diabetes: Young and Old
There are two types of diabetes. What are their characteristics?
Type 1. Insulin
This disease is most often caused by genetics, and can occur at any age, most often in young (even in the first months of life). The first type is characterized by destruction of pancreatic cells, which leads to absolute insulin deficiency. That, in turn, leads to an increase in blood sugar level, the appearance of constant thirst and weight loss (although the appetite usually good). The first type of diabetes is treated only by subcutaneous injections of insulin.
The facts and figures: 90% of people with diabetes type 2 are overweight.
They also need a special diet and a minimum of nervous stress.
Type 2. Insulin
This type of disease typically develops over the years. Most often, it is diagnosed in adulthood. People with diabetes type 2 develops a relative insulin deficiency. Pancreas produces insulin in sufficient quantity, but cell receptor sensitivity is broken, which leads to disruption of carbohydrates metabolism, a high level of glucose in blood.
The reason, and at the same time the symptom of this type of diabetes is often obesity. Such diabetes should be controlled antidiabetic pills ordered via Canadia Health Care Mall, diet and, again, healthy way of life.
Myths and Facts about Diabetes
If a child is eating a lot of sweets, diabetes may develop.
It is not true. As we have seen, amount of sugar in the product does not directly affect blood sugar. In case of children it is necessary to understand if they have a genetic predisposition to disease. If so, you need to make a menu based on the glycemic index of foods. If we exclude hereditary factor, there is a need for a prevention to maintain a healthy body weight and a healthy psyche of child. But number of chocolates eaten does not affect diabetes development.
Sometimes there are cases of infectious diabetes.
This wide myth that is the result of misinformation. Unfortunately, a large amount of material is full of allegations that diabetes can “pick up” through utensils or physical contact with a sick person, as well as through the blood of diabetics.
What Threatens Child Obesity?
This is absolute nonsense. Diabetes is pancreas dysfunction. And yet! It is not as blood, bacteria, not viral, and in particular the features (or acquired diseases) organism.
But common flu can provoke diabetes, but only if person already has a predisposition to diabetes.
Diabetes is dangerous for legs.
Indeed, the most common complication of diabetes – is the so-called “diabetic foot”. Most often, this phenomenon can be seen in diabetics type 2 with 15-20 years of experience. On surface, feet appear first wound like a funnel that will eventually grow and turn into an ulcer.
Diabetes mellitus destroys nervous system and blood vessels. Foot – the part of the body, which is constantly experiencing increased stress and often injured. And in conditions of impaired blood flow it is reduced protective function of tissues, and any minor injury (abrasion) can lead to long-term non-healing wound.
Diabetics are encouraged to give maximum attention to hygiene legs. Folk medicine advises to use bath of chamomile and sage. Especially carefully it is necessary to refer to the choice of footwear.