Annually in the world there is minimum of 16.7 million unwanted pregnancies. 15 million of them (that is, almost 90%!) could be prevented if women correctly used modern methods of birth control. Surprisingly, in the 21st century, millions of people ignore or misuse them. As recent study has shown, women are afraid of side effects, have different prejudices or they simply do not have enough information.
20 Methods of Birth Control
Barrier contraception is comprised of:
male and female condom;
All these adaptations physically block sperm path to uterus. The sperm can not meet egg and fertilization does not occur.
Male condom is known to everyone, but female is much less popular. This is small pocket, usually made of polyurethane, which is inserted into vagina and fixed in it by means of elastic rings. The advantage of both types of condoms is that they not only prevent unwanted pregnancy, but also protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
Condoms effectiveness is relatively high: according to the WHO, when used correctly, male condom prevents unwanted pregnancies in 98% of cases, but female one – only in 90%. In addition, you need to take into account that condom can rip.
Uterine caps and vaginal diaphragm are latex caps of different shapes that are placed on cervix. They no longer protect partners from gonorrhea or syphilis, but they do not allow spermatozoa to penetrate into uterus. This birth control main disadvantages – complexity of use (not every woman can put on cap yourself) and allergy that can arise from dense and prolonged contact of mucosa with latex.