Alphagan P eye drop solution, which also goes by its generic name Brimonidine, is used to treat glaucoma and other related conditions of the eyes.
What is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma or ocular hypertension is the build-up of the pressure of the liquids inside the eye. The pressure builds up due to improper drainage of the intra-ocular fluids, especially the aqueous humor. Aqueous humor flows in mesh-like channels, called trabecular meshwork. If the flow is blocked due to any reason, fluid builds up. This building up of the liquid pressure is the reason for the slow damage to the optic nerve. If left untreated, this eventually leads to blindness that is permanent in nature. It generally occurs in both eyes but generally to the varying degree. Though the exact reasons for glaucoma are relatively unknown, people over 40 years with a family history of glaucoma and diabetes are generally more likely to suffer from glaucoma (what is glaucoma).
Glaucoma is of two types:
- Open-angle Glaucoma: or wide-angle glaucoma which is more common in occurrence. The structure of the eye may appear normal but there is blockage in the trabecular meshwork which leads to improper flow of the fluids and subsequent build-up.
- Angle-closure Glaucoma: or narrow-angle glaucoma is caused due to narrow angle between cornea and iris. The iris physically blocks the channels and the fluid pressure rises up suddenly.
How Alphagan Eye Drops Help in Treating Glaucoma?
The alphagan eye drops is used to treat wide-angle glaucoma. It acts as an alpha agonist. It clears up the trabecular channels, thereby improving the fluid drainage. It also reduces the amount of fluid formed in the eye. Lowering of this intra-ocular fluid pressure decreases the risk of nerve damage and vision loss which could lead to blindness. Read also about researches concerning vision loss – “Study Shows That No Vision Loss Occurs From Canadian Health&Care Mall ED Drugs“.
It is recommended for all who are above 2 years of age. Infants below 2 years of age may suffer from slow breathing.
How to Use?
- Before applying alphagan eye drops, sanitize your hands thoroughly.
- Remove your contact lenses before applying the medication. You may put the contact lenses back after about 15 – 20 minutes.
- Tilt the head backwards, look towards the ceiling, form a pouch in the lower eyelid by pulling it and then put one drop from the dropper.
- Look downward and close the eyes. Apply gentle pressure on the corner of the eye, near the nose, using the finger. Keep your eyes closed for a minute or two.
- The eyes are not to be rubbed or blinked during this time to prevent draining of the medication immediately.
- This should be repeated for two to three times daily or as prescribed by your ophthalmologist.
- Cap the dropper immediately after use.
- Care should be taken to not to let the dropper tip touch the eye or any other surface as it may contaminate the dropper and the solution. This may eventually lead to complications due to infection.
- This medication should be used regularly and at same times to avoid glaucoma and should not be stopped without prior consultations with your ophthalmologist.
- If a dose is missed, put the eye drops as soon as you remember. If the time you remember it is near the time for next dose, do not go for double dose to catch up. You can miss the previous dose.
- The medication is not be swallowed.
- The alphagan eye drops should not be shared without proper medical investigation of intra-ocular pressure.
- The medication should be stored in a cool, dark and dry place, away from the reach of pets and children.
- The medication should be discarded properly and should not be flushed or poured down into the drain.
- Do not drive or operate machines or do any such work which requires your attentiveness as alphagan eye drops may cause some dizziness and drowsiness.
- Tell your doctor about your allergies. An Allergy test is always a best way to remain safe.
- Tell your doctor about all the medicines that you take so that the doctor may prescribe the dosage considering the interaction between the eye drop medication and other drugs.
- Tell your doctor about your medical history and the fact if you are or going to be pregnant, or are nursing.