Blood Pressure and Heart: Diuretics, Beta blockers and ACE Inhibitors

The category “Blood Pressure and Heart” has the following types of medications:

  1. diuretics;
  2. beta blockers;
  3. ACE inhibitors.Drugs for Blood Pressure and Heart

Each subtype is comprised of medications collected in mentioned above table.

Table: Medications for Blood Pressure and Heart Condition Improvement

DiureticsBeta BlockersACE Inhibitors

What is Diuretics?

Diuretics are drugs directed to remove liquids from the body with urine. Their action is that they can slow salts and water absorption in renal tubules, increase formation and speed of urine output. It helps to reduce the content of liquids in tissues and to remove the edema.

Diuretics have the following actions:

  • after taking a diuretic by the hypertensive patient, sodium salts are delayed in the body, excess water is drained after a while pressure becomes normal and lasts for a long time.
  • due to diuretics intake, it is possible to normalize fundus pressure, as well as intracranial pressure.
  • these medications can inhibit the action of neurons, thereby preventing attacks of epilepsy.
  • individual drugs perform the function of protectors and become a kind of protection for kidneys and heart. Others can relax muscles, thereby relieving spasms in them.
  • lower calcium content in blood, but retain magnesium. It improves microcirculation in kidneys and relieves stress from the left ventricle of the heart, protecting the organs from complications.
  • they are able to alleviate patient’s condition who has been poisoned by toxic substances.

Table: Comparative Characteristics of Diuretics

Drug NameDrug TypeIndicationsDosagePrice per Pill/Price per Pack
  • hypertension;
  • edema;
  • hypertension in heart failure.
25 mg to 100 mg orally once or twice daily$0.52/$46.80
  • hypertension;
  • edema associated with congestive heart failure;
  • cirrhosis of the liver;
  • renal disease
20 to 80 mg given as a single dose$0.29/$87.00
  • hypertension;
  • edema of Congestive Heart Failure.
  • 1.25 mg as a single daily (in case of hypertension)
  • 2.5 mg as a single daily dose taken in the morning
  • edema;
  • hypertension.
10 to 20 mg once a day orally$0.52/$46.80
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What is Beta Blockers?

Beta-blockers reduce frequency and strength of heartbeat, reduce blood pressure. As a result, consumption of oxygen by heart muscle decreases. Since beta-blockers slow heart rhythm, the question of how these drugs can affect their physical activity arises in patients starting to take them. The answer depends on many factors, but mainly on the human condition. Only a doctor can estimate the effect of beta-blockers, but there are general provisions applicable to all people.

Table: Comparative Characteristics of Beta Blockers

Drug NameDrug TypeIndicationsDosagePrice per Pill/Price per Pack
AtenololBeta Blockers
  • hypertension
  • chest pain
  • cardiac dysrhythmias
  • myocardial infarction
50 mg orally once a day$0.40/$56.00
ZebetaBeta Blockers
  • hypertension
5 mg once daily$0.49/$44.10
CoregBeta Blockers
  • congestive Heart Failure
  • left ventricular dysfunction
  • hypertension
3.125 mg orally twice a day for 2 weeks$0.52/$93.60
TrandateBeta Blockers
  • hypertension
100mg daily$1.25/$112.50
NebivololBeta Blockers
  • hypertension
5 mg orally once a day$0.65/$58.50
InderalBeta Blockers
  • hypertension
  • angina pectoris
  • tachyarrhythmias
  • myocardial infarction
40 mg twice daily$0.30/$27.00
BetapaceBeta Blockers
  • atrial Fibrillation
  • atrial Flutter
  • ventricular arrhythmia
80 mg orally 2 times a day$0.76/$68.40

What areACE Inhibitors?

Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are a group of drugs for hypertension that affects renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system activity. ACE is an angiotensin-converting enzyme that converts a hormone called angiotensin-I into angiotensin II. And already angiotensin II increases patient’s blood pressure. This happens in two ways: angiotensin II causes a direct constriction of blood vessels and also leads to the fact that adrenal glands release aldosterone. Salt and fluid are retained in the body under aldosterone influence. ACE inhibitors block the angiotensin-converting enzyme, as a result of which angiotensin II is not produced. They can enhance the action of diuretics, reducing body’s ability to produce aldosterone while lowering salt and water level.

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Table: Comparative Characteristics of ACE Inhibitors

Drug NameDrug TypeIndicationsDosagePrice per Pill/Price per Pack
VasotecACE Inhibitors
  • hypertension;
  • heart failure;
  • asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction.
2.5 mg per day$0.45/$81.00
PrinivilACE Inhibitors
  • hypertension;
  • congestive heart failure;
  • acute myocardial infarction;
  • left ventricular dysfunction or heart failure.
20 to 40 mg per day$1.20/$108.00
AltaceACE Inhibitors
  • high blood pressure (hypertension);
  • congestive heart failure.
2.5 mg once a day$0.56/$100.80

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